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States of India — Uttar Pradesh
 
Uttar Pradesh has been the most dominant state in Indian poltics and culture since Independence, producing over half of India’s prime ministers. This is partly because it’s the nation’s most populous — it has as many inhabitants as Brazil — and partly because of the central role the region plays in the religious lanscape of Hindus. The Ganges River, which forms the backbone of Uttar Pradesh, is the sacred river of Hinduism, and four of the religion’s seven holy towns are in the state, including Varanasi, the holiest of them all. Uttar Pradesh is also a places of major importance to Buddhists for it was at Sarnath, just outside Varanasi, that the Buddha first preached his message of the middle way. Most of Uttar Pradesh consists of the vast Ganges plain, an area of awesome flatness which often floods dramatically during the monsoon.
Uttar Pradesh at a Glance —
Land area

2,94,411 sq. km

Capital Lucknow
Languages Hindi, Urdu, English
Best Time to visit  October to March
Religion Hinduism and Islam
Literacy Rate  41.60 percent
Urbanisation Ratio  19.84%
Per Capita Income Rs. 7,263

How to Reach —
By Air — There are four domestic airports in Uttar Pradesh, i.e., in Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi. However, there is no international airport. Major cities in Uttar Pradesh are connected by air to Delhi and other large cities of India. By Rail — The state is connected with the major cities of India by trains. Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad and Mughalsarai are some of the major railheads that are linked to the rest of the country by express, super-fast and passenger trains. By Road — Uttar Pradesh is connected to the rest of the country by a good network of roads. Some of the important national highways that connect that state are NH 2, 25, 26, 27, 29, and 45.

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