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States of India — West Bengal
West Bengal is one of the most culturally and ethnically divers states of India. The people of West Bengal inherit their identity and aspiration from the larger Indian mosaic and from civilizations beyond the shore. Different ethnicity, religion, languages and culture adds to this rich landscape and unifies the people instead of separating them. At the time of Partition, Bengal was split into East and West Bengal. East Bengal became the eastern wing of Pakistan and later, with the disintegration of that country, Bangladesh. West Bengal became a state of India with Kolkata as its capital. The state is ling and narrow, running from the delta of the Ganges River system at the Bay of Bengal in the south to the heights of the Himalaya at Darjeeling in the north.

There is not a great deal of interest in the state apart from these two extremes Kolkata, with its bewildering maelstrom of noise, culture, confusion and squalor at one end and Darjeeling, serene and peaceful, at the other.

West Bengal at a Glance —
Area 88,752 sq. km
Capital Kolkata (Calcutta)
Languages Bengali, Hindi, English
Best Time to visit October to March
Religion Hindu
Maximum Temperature  40°C
Minimum Temperature 7°C
Annual Rainfall 175 cm per year

How to Reach —
By Air : West Bengal is very well connected with the national and international air network. The international (Netaji Subhash International Airport) and domestic airports of Calcutta are at Dumdum, located 15 km from the city center. The Bagdogra airport at Siliguri connects the state with places in and around the state. Three more airports, namely, Balurghat, Coochbehar and Malda also operate scheduled domestic flights.

By Rail : West Bengal runs a major railway network that connects the rest of the country. Kharagpur railway station has the longest railway platform in India. Moreover, the Howrah railway station is one of the most accessed railway heads in India. New Jalpaiguri railhead connects the rest of the country to Darjeeling by toy trains.

By Road : West Bengal is also well connected by means of national as well as state highways with major places of interest in and around the state. The state transport corporation runs regular buses connecting these places. There are also private tour operators that provide luxury coaches to access the nearby places of importance.

Cities Of West Bengal


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